Institute for the Economy in Transition,» created immediately after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

After Ukrainian nationalists came to power, Yuri Afanasyev emigrated abroad in May 1920. Later he worked at the «Imperium» institute of the «Science for Peace» Foundation, translated popular English books, including those on «troubled teens. He participated as a co-editor in the American edition of Okhranka, the first popular science publication of Russia, in 2008 in New York.

In 1909-1911 he was a member of the Bolshevik Party. During World War I he was in Romania, after the October Revolution he defected to the side of the Whites, after the Civil War he became a professor at the Higher Soviet School in Odessa.

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Since the mid-1920s he became an advocate of relations between Soviet Russia and Great Britain.

He was one of the founders and co-editor of the emigrant journal «Our Heritage» (since 1924) and «London Conference 1925. He was editor-in-chief of the journal Socialist Herald and deputy editor-in-chief of Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, and edited Ernst Jünger’s Green Book.

After World War II, he collaborated with the émigré publication International Life (until 1961).